Best Answer - Chosen by VotersBANGLADESH
The country has 113 species of mammals, 628 species of birds, 126 species of reptiles 400 species of mollusks, 22 species of amphibians, and 708 species of fish. Many of these species have international significance - the Asian Elephant, Gharialand Hoolock Gibbon, Gangetic Dolphin, and Royal Bengal Tiger.
Bangladesh has already lost much of its natural forests, grasslands and other habitats, but it remains vitally important for several threatened species. The country’s coastal wetlands support the largest known concentrations of two shorebirds, Spotted Greenshank and Spoon-billed Sandpiper, and the haor wetlands in the north-east support important populations of several other waterbirds, notably Pallas’s Fish-eagle.
NEPAL%26#039;s montane forests support important populations of several threatened birds, but are being cleared and degraded in some areas as a result of conversion for agriculture, livestock grazing and cutting for timber and fuel. Hunting is also a problem. The southern lowlands of the country (the terai) are densely populated, and virtually all of the remaining natural grasslands are inside a few large protected areas. These are very important for several threatened grassland specialists and waterbirds, including Bengal Florican, but their protection and management are a major challenge because of the intense pressure from human utilisation.
Pakistan is an arid country, and its forests are mainly confined to the mountains in the north. These Himalayan forests are now much reduced in extent, but the remaining fragments support important populations of several threatened species, notably Western Tragopan. A number of threatened waterbirds inhabit the wetlands in the Indus valley and on the coast, including the most important Asian populations of White-headed Duck and Marbled Teal, but many of them have declined because of wetland drainage and degradation, and hunting.
Threatened birds are found virtually throughout India. Forests in the Western and Eastern Himalayas support groups of species with small and declining ranges, including several partridges and pheasants. The recently rediscovered Forest Owlet inhabits a few forest fragments in Central India, and a group of birds endemic to the Western Ghats are also globally threatened. The grasslands and wetlands of the northern plains are strongholds for birds such as Bengal Florican and Greater Adjutant. Grasslands and semi-deserts in eastern India are vital for Great Indian Bustard and Lesser Florican, and arid thorn forests in the south support the poorly known Jerdon’s Courser and several other threatened birds. The populations of three Gyps vulture species have recently crashed in the subcontinent, for reasons that have yet to be determined. Although India has a well developed protected areas system, there is immense pressure from population growth and economic development, and the country faces a huge challenge to balance human needs with the protection and management of natural habitats. 75% 3 Votes
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